Il veut dire terreur en grec. ", Statius, Thebaid 4. He held a spear in his hands and was urging on the footmen: he was red with blood as if he were slaying living men, and he stood in his chariot. The twin boys, Phobos (Fear) and Deimos (Dread or Panic), attended their father in battle. the wretches believe that they have seen it. Furious Deimos set the crooktooth bit in the horses' mouths, and fastened their obedient necks under the yokestrap, and fitted the neckloop on each: Ares mounted the car, and Phobos took the reins and drove his father's chariot. : Stesichorus, Fragment 207 (from Scholiast on Pindar) (trans. La surface de Déimos est très sombre (son albédo n'atteint que 0,07) et est d'une couleur noire rougeâtre. Then he orders Pavor (Panic) [Phobos], one of his fearful train, to go before the horses : none more skilled than he to insinuate grasping terror and to steal courage from the heart; voices and hands innumerable has the monster, and aspects to assume at will; all-persuasive is he, and his onslaughts drive cities mad with horror. En effet, depuis la surface de Mars, Déimos a une « superficie » angulaire de (L*l)/D, Astronomy and Astrophysics Supplement Series (ISSN 0365-0138), Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, https://fr.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Déimos_(lune)&oldid=173681381, Catégorie Commons avec lien local identique sur Wikidata, Portail:Sciences de la Terre et de l'Univers/Articles liés, licence Creative Commons attribution, partage dans les mêmes conditions, comment citer les auteurs et mentionner la licence. Theog. ", Stesichorus, Fragment 207 (from Scholiast on Pindar) (trans. As Phobos approaches the red planet, it will be torn into a ring again, scientists predict. © 2017 COSPAR. : Phobos et Deimos ont tous les deux beaucoup de caractéristiques en commun avec les astéroïdes de type C, au niveau du spectre, de l'albédo et de la masse volumique. With her sat Pudor (Modesty) [Aidos] and Metus (Fear) [Deimos]. The moon takes about 30 hours, a little over a Martian day, to travel around its host. But the orbits of the moons make such a birth appear unlikely. Son diamètre angulaire est seulement 2,5 fois plus grand que celui d'un transit de Vénus observé de la Terre. Beside him stood Deimos (Fear) and Phobos (Flight), eager to plunge amidst the fighting men. Vu depuis la surface, il se lève à l'est et se couche à l'ouest. Mozley) (Roman epic C1st A.D.) : Valerius Flaccus, Argonautica 2. Phobos and Deimos are the only natural satellites of the terrestrial planets, other than our Moon. In particular, the Curiosity rover has taken some great photos and videos of Phobos and Deimos, including footage of Phobos eclipsing the sun. 4 (trans. Dans la mythologie grecque, Phobos (en grec ancien Φόϐος / Phóbos) est le fils d'Arès et d'Aphrodite, frère de Déimos (et Harmonie, suivant les versions).Incarnation de la peur panique (signification de son nom en grec), Phobos est l'étymon du mot phobie.. Il accompagne son père à la bataille avec son frère Déimos.L’Iliade le décrit ainsi : Ces décombres se seraient ensuite rassemblés sous l’effet gravitationnel de la planète rouge pour former Phobos et Déimos. The two small bodies that orbit the red planet are both smaller than Earth's moon, and raise a number of questions about the formation of the early solar system. Déimos est un petit corps fortement irrégulier, avec des dimensions de 15 × 12 × 10 km[4] ; comme beaucoup d'objets de cette taille, Déimos possède une forme non sphérique, n'étant pas suffisamment massif pour prendre une forme plus régulière. "Malign Tisiphone [the Erinys] seized a torch steeped in blood, put on a robe all red with dripping gore and wound a snake about her waist, and started from her home [in the Underworld, on a mission to drive Athamas mad]; and with her as she went were Luctus (Grief) [Penthos] and Pavor (Dread) [Phobos], Terror (Terror) [Deimos], and Insania (Madness) [Mania] too with frantic face. Fairclough) (Roman bucolic C1st B.C.) in the underworld]: Luctus (Grief) [Penthos], tearing her hair; Morbus (Disease) [Nosos], scarce holding up her wearied head; Senectus (Age) [Geras], burdened with herself; impending Metus (Fear) [Deimos], and greedy Pestis (Pestilence) [Nosos], the Ogygian people's curse. It travels around the planet three times a day, zipping across the Martian sky approximately once every four hours. Please refresh the page and try again. 481 (trans. "The Akhaians (Achaeans) pressed hard on the Trojans even unto Troy. We must put up a good defense against the assault of such a man, for already Phobos (Rout) is boasting of victory at the gate. "[Description of an ancient Greek play of the Judgement of Paris :] Each maiden representing a goddess was accompanied by her own escort . 64 ff : Jones) (Greek travelogue C2nd A.D.) : Plutarch, Life of Theseus 27. La densité de cratères donne un âge entre 2,5 et 3 milliards d'années[8]. 200 ff (trans. Il incarne la terreur. A human mission to the moons of Mars would maintain programmatic focus and public support, while serving as a catalyst for a successful human mission to the surface of Mars. Une étude réalisée par la NASA suggère que ce rapprochement provoquera la destruction de Phobos d’ici 30 à 50 millions d’années. "[During Dionysos' war against the Indians, Ares leant his support to the nation :] Deathly Ares shouted as loud as nine thousand, with Eris (Discord) moving by his side to support him; in the battle he placed Phobos (Rout) and Deimos (Terror) to wait upon Deriades [the Indian King]. Fairclough) (Roman epic C1st B.C.) But he, undaunted and bold from his lost sight, summons the bloodless throng of cruel Dis [Haides]. But is Thebes then so bold? With their elongated shapes, they even look more like asteroids than moons. "Againt these [the armies of Aeetes] drove father Mars [Ares], evil Gaudia (Death-Lust) and Tisiphone raising her head to the clouds at the bugle's sound and Fuga (Panic) [Phyge] stalking huge through the battle lines nor as yet determined which hearts she will enter. "Already Gradivus [Mars-Ares] with forward-straining steeds was trampling the Ephyrean shores . But Fama (Rumour) [Ossa], awake to every sound and girt with empty tidings of tumult, flies before the chariot, sped onward by the winged steeds' panting breath, and with loud whirring shakes out her fluttering plumes; for the charioteer [Pavor] with blood-stained goad urges her to speak, be it truth or falsehood, while threatening from the lofty car the sire [Mars-Ares] with Scythian lance assails the back and tresses of the goddess. Perrin) (Greek historian C1st to C2nd A.D.) : Nonnus, Dionysiaca 2. Phobos et Déimos, les mystérieuses lunes de Mars Découvertes à quelques jours d’écart seulement, Phobos et Déimos sont de vraies sœurs jumelles, au destin bien différent : si Déimos s’émancipe de Mars en s'en éloignant, sa petite sœur Phobos tend plutôt à s’en rapprocher… dangereusement. Romeo, please don’t be a fool. Phobos et Deimos ont tous les deux beaucoup de caractéristiques en commun avec les astéroïdes de type C, au niveau du spectre, de l'albédo et de la masse volumique. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.asr.2017.12.017. The twin boys, Phobos (Fear) and Deimos (Dread or Panic), attended their father in battle. 36 ff : By continuing you agree to the use of cookies. Then grim Erinys (Vengeance) shrieked, and blind Furor (Fury) [Lyssa] and Horror (Horror) [Phrike], and all the forms which spawn and lurk midst the eternal shades [i.e. Way) (Greek epic C4th A.D.) : Quintus Smyrnaeus, Fall of Troy 10. Frazer) (Roman poetry C1st B.C. Deimos (trans. Miller) (Roman tragedy C1st A.D.) : Deimos January 1, 2019 Leave a comment. "[Among the images decorating the chest of Kypselos (Cypselus) dedicated at Olympia :] On the shield of Agamemnon is [depicted] Phobos (Fear), whose head is a lion's . 150 ff : 661 ff : Phobos and Deimos are potentially valuable destinations, providing a wealth of science return, as well as telecommunications capabilities, resource utilization, radiation protection, transportation and operations infrastructure, and may have an influence on the path of the martian exploration program. to C1st A.D.) : Virgil, Aeneid 6. 25 ff (trans. Kepler, à la suite dune erreur de déchiffrage dune anagramme de Galilée concernant les anneaux de Saturne, pense même que ce dernier a réussi à observer ces deux satellites4. For years, scientists thought that Mars had no moon. Curiosity Rover Captures 2 Mars Moons Together In Stunning NASA Video, Curiosity Sees Martian Moons: Phobos and Deimos (Time-Lapse Video), explore Phobos' surface with hedgehog-like rovers, 'The Mandalorian' goes from strength to strength in 'Chapter 11: The Heiress', A mission to 'Mars' at the HI-SEAS habitat: Live updates, SpaceX's Crew-1 astronaut launch for NASA: Live updates, On This Day in Space: Nov. 15, 1988: Green Bank's 300-Foot telescope collapses. Lattimore) (Greek epic C8th B.C.) ", Nonnus, Dionysiaca 32. Nike (Victory) lifted her shield and held it before Zeus: Enyo countered with a shout, and Ares made a din. Suda On Line) (Byzantine Greek Lexicon C10th A.D.) : 29 ff (trans. . And circled in the midst of all was the blank-eyed face of the Gorgo (Gorgon) with her stare of horror, and Deimos (Fear) was inscribed upon it, and Phobos (Terror). : Homer, Iliad 5. Just before the entrance, even within the very jaws of Orcus [Haides], Luctus (Grief) [Penthos] and avenging Curae (Cares) have set their bed; there pale Morbi (Diseases) [Nosoi] dwell, sad Senectus (Old Age) [Geras], and Metus (Fear) [Phobos, and Fames (Hunger) [Limos], temptress to sin, and loathly Egestas (Want) [Aporia], shapes terrible to view; and Letum (Death) [Thanatos] and Labor (Distress) [Ponos]; next, Letum's (Death's) own brother Sopor (Sleep) [Hypnos], and Gaudia (the soul's Guilty Joys), and, on the threshold opposite, the death-dealing Bellum (War) [Polemos], and the Eumenides' [Erinyes', Furies'] iron cells, and maddening Discordia (Strife) [Eris], her snaky locks entwined with bloody ribbons. Sa vitesse orbitale moyenne autour de Mars est de 1,35 km s−1. [1.1] ARES & APHRODITE (Hesiod Theogony 933, Hyginus Preface)[1.2] ARES (Homer Iliad 13.298, Quintus Smyrnaeus 10.51, Statius Thebaid 3.424, Nonnus Dionysiaca 2.414) Upon the shield Proioxis (Pursuit) and Palioxis (Flight) were wrought, and Homados (Tumult), and Phobos (Panic), and Androktasie (Androctasia, Slaughter). Despite decades of revolutionary Mars exploration and plans to send humans to the surface of Mars in the 2030’s, there are many strategic knowledge gaps regarding the moons of Mars, specifically regarding the origin and evolution of these bodies.