In his 2000–2002 research, Ennaji found that 52% of the interviewees placed Berber as a language inferior to Arabic because it did not have a prestigious status and because its domain was restricted. Standard Arabic is frequently used in administrative offices, mosques, and schools. Moroccan «Darija» language classes, also for individuals. your own Pins on Pinterest Our aim is to spread a passion for all types of travel to Africa, inspire and to encourage people to take first step into wonderful world of Africa! Many native Berber speakers also speak the local Arabic variant as a second language. Freelance travel writer and blogger behind BewilderedinMorocco.com and BewilderedSlavica.com. Darija for busy people who live outside Morocco. – kolshi labass! Aleya Rouchdy, author of Language Contact and Language Conflict in Arabic, said that Classical/Modern Arabic and French are constantly in conflict with one another, but that most Moroccans believe that the bilingualism of Classical Arabic and French is the most optimal choice to allow for Morocco's development. 107, 123–25); Voegelin and Voegelin (1977, p. 297) call eight million a conservative estimate. The interest in Spanish for the Moroccans arises from their proximity to Spain and the fact that Moroccans are the most numerous group of legal immigrants in Spain (748,953). Parmi ses avantages : It can be said about anything.. weather, clothes, city…. Discover (and save!) Unpublished PhD dissertation for the, This page was last edited on 1 November 2020, at 10:30. , From its independence until the year 2000, Morocco opted for Arabization as a policy, in an attempt of replacing French with Arabic. I’ve been to different countries, seen different cultures, faced different traditions and heard different languages. , Framework Law 17:51 allowed scientific subjects to be taught in foreign languages—especially French—in public elementary schools. Morocco is a member of the Francophonie. Copyright 2018 Safari Junkie™ | All Rights Reserved |, Tips For Buying Pure Argan Oil in Morocco, Day Trip to Ait Ben Haddou from Marrakech, African Proverbs – 300 Inspirational Proverbs and Quotes, How Safe is Zanzibar for Solo Female Traveller, Sacred Women Travel – Women’s Journey to Kenya, Labass/ bekher? … Within Morocco, French, one of the country's two prestige languages, is often used for business, diplomacy, and government; and serves as a lingua franca.  The use of Spanish in northern Morocco and Western Sahara derives largely from the fact that Spain had previously occupied those areas and incorporated Spanish Sahara as a province. your own Pins on Pinterest Moroccans abuse this word (in the positive sense). I thought I would help you out with the most commonly used Darija words in Morocco. ), In a survey from 2005 by the CIDOB (Barcelona Centre for International Affairs), 21.9% of respondents from Morocco claimed to speak Spanish, with higher percentages in the northern regions. This e-book will be permanently updated, after each update you will receive for free the latest version. Nowadays the different minority languages are acknowledged in Morocco although Arabic still is the dominant one and is being promoted by the government. There are a number of languages of Morocco.The two official languages are Standard Arabic and Tamazight. In 1952, André Basset ("La langue berbère", Handbook of African Languages, Part I, Oxford) estimated that a "small majority" of Morocco's population spoke Berber. and the immortal, constantly used “inshallah“- literally “if God wills”. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Classical Arabic is used by officials for written communication but also in government and justice departments. In 1980, S. Chaker estimated that the Berberophone populations of Kabylie and the three Moroccan groups numbered more than one million each; and that in Algeria, 3,650,000, or one out of five Algerians, speak a Berber language (Chaker 1984, pp. Hassānīya, is spoken by about 0.8% of the population mainly in the Southern regions of Morocco. In 1952 A. Basset (LLB.4) estimated the number of Berberophones at 5,500,000. From then on, Morocco has adopted a clear perpetual educational language policy with three main cores: improving and reinforcing the teaching of Arabic, using a variety of languages, such as English and French in teaching the fields of technology and science and acceptance of Tamazight. I’ve been to different countries, seen different cultures, faced different traditions and heard different languages. French is the most used language in business and is also the main language used in universities. Moroccan Arabic Grammar Tips Peace Corps Arabic Language Morocco Vocabulary Learning Friends Goals. Darija. It is not spoken at home or on the streets. , After Morocco gained independence with the end of the French Protectorate in 1956, it started a process of Arabization. , The first recorded work in Darija or Moroccan Arabic is Al-Kafif az-Zarhuni's epic zajal poem "al-Mala'ba," dating back to the reign of Marinid Sultan Abu al-Hasan Ali ibn Othman. Classical Arabic. Coffee (with sugar / milk) kahwa b skar / b hlib, Grand taxi station -mahattat dyal taxi kbira, I need a bus ticket to … -bghit shi warqa l …, You are beautiful. Apr 7, 2017 - This Pin was discovered by Beautiful Soul. The exact population of speakers of Berber languages is hard to ascertain, since most North African countries do not – traditionally – record language data in their censuses (An exception to this was the 2004 Morocco population census). ", Chakrani, Brahim. We may translate it as “hopefully” or “I hope”. Dec 8, 2019 - Explore Jennice McCafferty-Wright's board "Learning Darija- Inchaallah" on Pinterest. kolshi bekher! Contenu potentiellement inapproprié. The answer to this is Laatek saha. Routledge, 2013. traditionally, Arabs established centers of power in only a few cities and ports in the region, with the effect that the other areas remained Berber-speaking. The languages of prestige in Morocco are Arabic in its Classical and Modern Standard Forms and some times French, the latter of which serves as a second language for approximately 33% of Moroccans. The number for each Berber language is difficult to estimate. The funny thing is that Moroccans do understand other Arab speakers. Pick up Some Moroccan Darija Travel Phrases for Your Next Trip to Morocco! Salaam for instance is from Urdu.  Moroccan Arabic (known as Darija) is the spoken native vernacular. The two official languages are Standard Arabic and Tamazight. Darija, the most spoken language in Morocco, is a variant of Arabic with strong influences from other languages such as Andalusian, Amazigh, Catalan, Spanish and French. The term Berber is not used nor known by the speakers of these languages). Salah-Dine Hammoud, Mohamed (1982).  Moha Ennaji, author of Multilingualism, Cultural Identity, and Education in Morocco, said that Moroccan Arabic has connotations of informality, and that Moroccan Arabic tends to be used in casual conversations and spoken discourse. There are a number of languages of Morocco. , In 1995 the number of native Arabic speakers in Morocco was approximately 18.8 million (65% of the total population), and 21 million including the Moroccan diaspora. The 1960 census estimated that 34% of Moroccans spoke Berber, including bi-, tri-, and quadrilinguals. Aleya Rouchdy, author of "Language Contact and Language Conflict in Arabic," said that Berber is mainly used in the contexts of family, friendship, and "street". Spanish could become the European language in highest demand in Morocco, displacing French, due to the increasing popularity of the Spanish language. I can the joy in the people when I uses these learned phrases. If you ever asked yourself What language is spoken in Morocco?, you are in the right page, Since Morocco is a bride between Europe and Africa, this country have always been a multi-cultural society, the main language used in Morocco is called "Darija".  Ennaji added that "[t]he dialectisation of Berber certainly reduces its power of communication and its spread.". This is due to the history of settlement. It is pretty much impossible for a classical Arabic speaker to understand Darija. Central Morocco Tamazight is the second Berber language in Morocco. However, there are very distinctive varieties of Arabic used, not all equally prestigious, which are MSA (Modern Standard Arabic), the written form used in schools and ‘Dialectal Arabic’, the non-standardized spoken form. Marley, D. (2004).  The population does not use Berber in writing. MSA is practically foreign to Moroccan schoolchildren, and this creates problems with reading and writing, consequently leading to a high level of illiteracy in Morocco. "Motivations for Code-Switching among Arabic-French Bilinguals in Morocco. "Soziokulturelle und sprachenpolitische Aspekte der Francophonie am Beispiel Marokko (Manuskripte zur Sprachlehrforschung, 38) by Martina Butzke-Rudzynski" (review).  However, the language spread much more slowly than the religion. The state of Morocco still sees Arabic (MSA) as its national language, but acknowledges that not all Moroccans are Arabic speakers and that Arabization did not succeed in the area of science and technology. The Ethnologue provides a useful academic starting point; however, its bibliographic references are inadequate, and it rates its own accuracy at only B-C for the area. Other Berber languages are spoken in Morocco, as the Senhaja de Srair and the Ghomara dialects in the Rif mountains, the Figuig Shilha (not to be confused with Atlas Shilha) and Eastern Zenati in eastern Morocco, and Eastern Middle Atlas dialects in central Morocco. , According to a survey made in 2005 by CIDOB, 21.6% of the population speak Spanish (. ", There are around 8 million Berber speakers in Morocco. Every time I travel I try to pick up some basic phrases to communicate with the locals. According to the Ethnologue (by deduction from its Moroccan Arabic figures), the Berber-speaking population is estimated at 65% (1991 and 1995). Heath, Jeffrey. "Few census figures are available; all countries (Algeria and Morocco included) do not count Berber languages.  The language is most used in the regions Middle Atlas, High Atlas and east High Atlas Mountains. Keil-Sagawe, Regina. Safari Junkie is dynamic travel blog focused solely on Africa. , According to a 2012 study by the Government of Spain, 98% of Moroccans spoke Moroccan Arabic, 63% spoke French, 43% Amazigh, 14% spoke English, and 10% spoke Spanish. The country shows a marked difference in urban and rural dialects. Sir bhalek– go away. Learn how your comment data is processed. – How are you doing? According to the Cervantes Institute, there are at least 58,382 students of Spanish, and the Committee of Castile and León reports as many as 350,000. Morocco was a Spanish and French protectorate from 1912 to 1956. The differences among all Moroccan dialects are not too pronounced: public radio news are broadcast using the various dialects; each journalist speaks his or her own dialect with the result that understanding is not obstructed, though most southern Berbers find that understanding Riff requires some getting used to. Ce site a été créé pour faciliter l’apprentissage de la langue. Darija, Moroccan dialect is an insane fusion of French, Berber languages, Arabic, and a touch of Spanish. Except all the phrases above you’ll often hear “khouya” or “sahbi” which means something like “brother”. Here we go: B’saha– a very grateful phrase which is said when you buy something new, when you get a gift, when you eat and even when you take a shower. Morocco has six Cervantes Institutes, the second highest of any country (after Brazil). Déverrouiller. Other Arab speakers do not understand Moroccans. , Spanish is spoken by many Moroccans, particularly in the northern regions around Tetouan and Tangier, as well as in parts of the south, due to historic ties and business interactions with Spain. In English it is something like “enjoy” or “cheers”. " Ennaji also concluded "This survey confirms the idea that multilingualism in Morocco is a vivid sociolinguistic phenomenon, which is favored by many people. Even today, some people in northern Morocco speak Spanish as their second language. A practical guide to learning Moroccan language, Darija Arabic or even Tifinagh the berber Language. I also noticed that when I speak (or at least show some effort) in the locals’ language they perceive me in a different way and they are willing to help more and this may be a very, very useful skill when it comes to bargaining! It is pretty much impossible for a classical Arabic speaker to understand Darija.  It is unclear how long African Romance was spoken, but its influence on Northwest African Arabic (particularly in the language of northwestern Morocco) indicates it must have had a significant presence in the early years after the Arab conquest. I love to lean phrases from the local languages of the places I visit.  Abdelâli Bentahila, the author of the 1983 book Language Attitudes among Arabic–French Bilinguals in Morocco, said that Moroccans who were bilingual in both French and Arabic preferred to speak Arabic while discussing religion; while discussing matters in a grocery store or restaurant; and while discussing matters with family members, beggars, and maids. , Today, Spanish is one of the languages most studied in the educational system, together with classical Arabic, Berber and French. Kataajebini ( kataajabni for a guy). Population shifts in location and number, effects of urbanization and education in other languages, etc., make estimates difficult. , Historically, languages such as Phoenician, Punic, and Amazigh languages have been spoken in Morocco. , The French language is also dominant in Morocco, especially in education and administration, therefore was initially learned by an elite and later on was learned by a great number of Moroccans for use in domains such as finance, science, technology and media. , As a member of the Maghrebi Arabic grouping of dialects, Moroccan Arabic is similar to the dialects spoken in Mauritania, Algeria, Tunisia, and Libya (and also Maltese). Good evening – (doesn’t exist :P) Msa lkhir, I come from Usa, uk – Ana min USA/ Angletera, Bon apetit if you have expression for this – bsaha. The below table presents statistical figures of speakers of Berber languages, based on the 2014 population census.  The language is not used in writing.  French retains a major place in Morocco, as it is taught universally and serves as Morocco's primary language of commerce and economics, culture, sciences and medicine; it is also widely used in education and government. That is despite the government decision to implement a language policy of ignoring French after gaining independence, for the sake of creating a monolingual country. It may be very helpful and boost your experience. Professional ESL teacher, passionate event planner. Early colonial censuses may provide better documented figures for some countries; however, these are also very much out of date. Le dictionnaire « Tagine qui parle » français-arabe marocain (darija) est un dictionnaire vivant, en pleine expansion. Discover (and save!) May 18, 2017 - How to learn Moroccan Arabic if I have no time? Les exemples vous aident à traduire le mot ou l’expression cherchés dans des contextes variés. It means something like “na zdrowie” in Polish, “a votre sante” in French. , Arabic, along with Berber, is one of Morocco's two official languages, although it is the Moroccan dialect of Arabic, namely Darija, meaning "everyday/colloquial language"; that is spoken or understood, frequently as a second language, by the majority of the population (about 85% of the total population). "A sociolinguistic investigation of language attitudes among youth in Morocco." moroccan, darija lessons, moroccan arabic, moroccan darija, darija, moroccan language, morocco, maroc, langue marocaine, langue marocaine darija, langue marocaine apprendre. , It is also the mother language of some Moroccans, regrouped mainly in the western side of the country (Casablanca and Rabat Mainly, but also many other cities. (you may answer hamdoulillah – thanks God everything is ok), Kolshi mziane? Learn in America The best and most pleasant ways to learn. , In 2000 the Charter of Educational Reform introduced a drastic change in language policy. Moroccan students learn French from their first year in elementary school. Nti zwina (nta zwin for a guy), I like you. There are three main Berber dialects, Tamazight Tarifit in the north, Tamazight in central Atlas and Tashelhit in the south. Most of these are accounted for by three dialects: This nomenclature is common in linguistic publications, but is significantly complicated by local usage: thus Shilha is sub-divided into Shilha of the Dra valley, Tasusit (the language of the Souss) and several other (mountain) dialects. All Rights Reserved. By the end of the 1980s, Arabic was the dominant language in education, although French was still in use in many important domains. Experience taught me that it is essential to know at least a couple of words in the language of the country you are going to. Note that some words may vary in different regions, however the most common ones remain the same. , Arabic, on the other hand, has been perceived as a prestigious language in Morocco for over a millennium. Friends of Morocco: AIMS 2005: A site which provides resources for learning Moroccan Arabic. In addition, four other Cervantes classrooms exist, for a total of 10 cities with Cervantes Institutes in Morocco. In 2000, Karl Prasse cited "more than half" in an interview conducted by Brahim Karada at Tawalt.com.  According to Rouchdy, within Morocco Classical Arabic is still only used in literary and cultural aspects, formal traditional speeches, and discussions about religion. Juba II, king of Mauretania, wrote in Greek and Latin.  Aleya Rouchdy, author of Language Contact and Language Conflict in Arabic, said that "For all practical purposes, French is used as a second language. – is everything ok? See more ideas about Moroccan arabic, Learning, Arabic language. Experience taught me that it is essential to know at least a couple of words in the language of the country you are going to.  Berber, along with Moroccan Arabic, is one of two languages spoken in homes and on the street.  At first, Arabic was used only in urban areas, especially in cities in the north, while the rural areas remained the domain of Amazigh languages.  Ennaji added that Bilingual Moroccans tend to use Moroccan Arabic while in the house. I am great! Speakers of Riffian language were estimated to be around 1.5 million in 1990.  Arabic in its Classical and Standard forms is one of the two prestige languages in Morocco. Moreover, linguistic boundaries are blurred, such that certain dialects cannot accurately be described as either Central Morocco Tamazight (spoken in the Central and eastern Atlas area) or Shilha.